As a part of animal husbandry some branches are allocated: cattle breeding (cultivation large horned cattle,, sheep breeding, poultry farming, beekeeping, fur farming, etc. Their share in production of meat is not identical.
One of the most important ways of increase of production efficiency in the country is the rational territorial organization of economy. It provides evidence-based placement of the interconnected separate branches and productions in the territory of the country.
The flour is the main raw materials for the baking and industry, and also is used in the industry. The main factor in placement of of the baking industry — limited periods of storage of fresh bread. The more the city, the more in is mute is baked bakery products. Large bakeries not always justify themselves. Recently the quantity of small private bakeries increases that as much as possible approaches baking of bread to the consumer.
The macaroni industry in the placement is guided by the consumer as pasta it is inexpedient to transport on a long distance. The largest enterprises of the macaroni industry in Kiev, Kharkov, Odessa, Dnepropetrovsk.
The greatest number of sugar plants is concentrated: on the Right bank — in a forest-steppe zone, especially in the Ternopol, Hmelnitsky, Vinnytsia, Cherkassk areas; on the Left bank — in Poltava, Sumy, Kharkov .
Society is interested in high production efficiency which is defined by a ratio of a ready-made product and expenses (work, materials) on its production. The less costs of the let-out production, the are more effective production. An indicator of efficiency is prime cost.
Thus, development and placement of the enterprises of the food industry is defined: placement of the population (consumers), specialization of agriculture (raw materials sources), and, of course, conditions of transportation of finished goods.
Some enterprises and associations form combines where such productions which or represent consecutive stages of processing of raw materials are combined, either serve each other, or share production wastes.